Types of care

Domiciliary care, this is also known as ‘home care’, this is supporting you or your loved one to remain independent within their own home. It may involve personal care e.g. supporting to wash, bathe, shower, some or all of the body, undertake personal hygiene tasks such as deodorising, continence or menstrual care, hair washing/drying/brushing, teeth brushing, shaving, supporting to dress/undress or get shoes on. It may involve household domestic tasks e.g. creating shopping lists, cleaning, washing up, using the washer, dryer, dishwasher, mopping, hoovering, paying bills. It may involve social support e.g. supporting to get out of the house, support to undertake the grocery shopping, company to undertake errands or appointments, visit friends/family/local social groups, company to try new activities or keep up previous hobbies.
 
The Independent Living Centre gives advice and ideas to elderly and disabled people to support them to remain living independently http://ilc.org.uk/
 
Independent living or supported living care is where the property you live in has been sourced as appropriate housing adapted for your needs. Some of these accommodations are within group settings, an individual flat within a block of flats where there are communal social and eating areas should you choose to use them rather than the ones in your own flat. These can be used for individual with a disability first attempting to live alone or after injury, physical support by care workers is provided and gradually reduced as the individual gains or regains skills to live independently. They are also used when a condition deteriorates to give support in a less isolated environment where only a little support is needed which may increase over time.
 
Residential care, this is where you or your loved one are a resident at a care registered home. This is where care and support is needed long-term for an adult or child in a residential setting rather than in their own home or family home. There are various residential care options available, depending on the needs of the individual. Care homes (also known as adult family homes, board and care homes, residential care homes or personal care homes) are residential facilities that provide lodging, meal services and assistance with daily living activities such as doing laundry, managing medications, bathing and dressing.
 
Nursing care, this is where you or your loved one require support from a registered nursing professional to maintain or manage a condition or health care need. This care can be provided at home by community nursing and care teams or there is an option of moving into a nursing care home. Some nursing homes will specialise in certain conditions such as Dementia, all provide accommodation, supervision from staff 24 hours a day, meals and help with personal care needs and also have registered nurses on duty at all times.